The agile software development methodology was created in 2001 and was based on the acclaimed agile manifesto. Leaders in the corporate world must maximize efficiency, minimize waste, smooth down obstacles, and ensure that production flows in accordance with demand.

When a new business takes place, a large number of people become engaged, each with their own set of skills, talents, and methods for getting things done. Different strategies must be in place to keep productions moving ahead in order to assure flow and consistency from one party to the next.

In this article, we have discussed 7 essential types of agile methodology that have been used in the world of development. Read along to learn different Agile methodologies and find out which one is right for your project.

What is Agile Methodology?

The agile approach is one of the simplest and most straightforward ways to turn a concept and a variety of requirements into workable software solutions. The Agile methodology is an iterative and incremental approach to software development that emphasizes continuous planning, understanding, improvement, team collaboration, development, and delivery. The agile method could be broken down into individual models that teams work on, allowing for more adaptability to changes.

The agile process begins with customers defining the end uses of the final product and the types of errors the final product seeks to solve. It is guided by the ideals of giving value and engaging with stakeholders. This activity aids the project development team in addressing and clarifying the customer’s expectations and requirements.

As soon as the project begins, the selected teams begin to prepare and work on a comprehensive process that includes planning, implementation, and evaluation. You can fix errors at the project’s intermediate stage since the development process is iterative. This procedure ensures that the final delivered product meets the needs of the client.

7 Types of Agile Methodology

1. Scrum

In our 7 essential types of agile methodology, we have Scrum as number one. Scrum is one of the most well-known Agile methodology subsets. Scrum is a methodology for building and maintaining complex products. It was invented by Ken Schwaber and Jeff Sutherland.

In Scrum, you split the works into manageable parts known as sprints. A sprint is a specific period of time during which a Scrum team works to finish a specific amount of work. The Scrum Master, who is in charge of the Scrum team, is in charge of creating sprints and organizing the work.


During Scrum, every team member analyzes their progress over the past 24 hours. After that, they are to present the sprint goals for the next 24 hours, where everyone gets to work. The Scrum Master assists team members who require assistance.

Scrum is a scalable and adaptable methodology. It’s excellent for projects that change often and require the ability to alter as the project proceeds.

2. Kanban

The term Kanban is Japanese in origin and refers to a time notion known as “just-in-time.” Kanban has its roots in the automobile industry. It’s a way of optimizing every stage of the manufacturing process and ensuring on-time delivery. Companies have been using Kanban in project management and have extended beyond manufacturing.


So, what is Kanban, exactly? Kanban is a workflow project management method that aids in the visualization of work and ensures that it flows smoothly. You use a Kanban board to display your work in three columns when utilizing the Kanban technique. For instance, The columns are To Do, In Progress, and Complete.

The number of entries in each column is limited by a Work In Progress (WIP) limit. So, if a column has a four-card limitation, no more than four cards can be placed in it. If a column is overflowing, your team must work on the things in the columns before going on to the next step or adding additional cards.

Kanban is perfect for knowledge work that isn’t always visible. Visualization makes it easier to see what you’re working on.

3. Extreme Programming (XP)

In our list of 7 essential types of agile methodology we have extreme programming. Extreme Programming is one of the popular Agile methodologies or frameworks where it requires a high level of interaction between two sides in the software exchange: clients and developers. Kent Beck came up with the concept, and you can use it for development companies of various kinds.

Extreme Programming

It’s a methodology that prioritizes client satisfaction above all else and emphasizes principles like communication, simplicity, feedback, courage, and respect. This methodology instills confidence in developers by encouraging them to accept changes in the customer preferences, even if they come later in the development cycle.

In XP, teamwork is crucial because when an issue arises, it is resolved by the entire team of management, engineers, and consumers. They’re all important pieces of the same jigsaw, resulting in a rich atmosphere for team production and efficiency.

4. Crystal

The Crystal Methodology is really a group of small agile approaches that include Crystal Clear, Crystal Yellow, Crystal Red, and others. Every approach has its own set of guidelines. Alistair Cockburn introduced this during his participation in writing the Agile manifesto for software development.


Crystal emphasizes principles such as People, Interactions, Community, Skills, Talent, and Communication in order to provide the finest software development process possible. Interaction and symbiosis are at the heart of this development process and they must exist between the individuals assigned to the projects and processes in order for development to be efficient.

5. Lean

Lean Development is a software development technique that comes straight from Toyota’s Lean Manufacturing methodology. This technique provides a conceptual framework and adheres to values, principles, and best development practices.

There are seven essential principles: Deleting the things that do not matter, Quality development, Creating knowledge, Differing commitments, Fast delivery, Respecting the team, Optimize the whole.


Lean provides the authority of decision-making to each person and small teams to make decisions compared to the hierarchical flow of control. It focuses on the effective application of team resources and ensures that everyone is as productive as possible for as long as feasible.

6. Dynamic System Development Method (DSDM)

The Dynamic Systems Development Method (DSDM) came in response to the demand for a standardized industry charter for rapid software delivery. It also underlines the need of delivering high-quality products on schedule and all of them are based on a business-driven strategy.

Dynamic System Development Method

DSDM is based on eight principles that guide the team and provide a framework for delivering a product on time and under budget. The principles are:

  • Firstly, To converge on the business requirement
  • Deliver on time
  • Collaborate
  • Nevermore negotiate quality
  • Create incrementally from firm associations
  • Expand iteratively
  • Communicate frequently and clearly, and lastly
  • Manifest control

7. Feature Driven Development (FDD)

Another software-specific Agile framework is feature-driven development. Every two weeks, using this process they create software models. This also necessitates a development and design strategy for each model feature.

Feature Driven Development

It has more stringent documentation requirements than XP, making it more suitable for teams with extensive design and planning skills. There are five fundamental activities of FDD:

  • First, Develop an overall model
  • Build a feature list
  • Plan by feature
  • Design by feature
  • Build by feature


In conclusion, choosing the proper agile methodology among the various forms of agile methodology needs a dynamic approach. In other words, to entice talent and deliver outstanding digital experiences in this extremely competitive industry, the advantages and drawbacks of agile methodology must always be weighed.

So, have you made up your mind about which Agile methodology you want to use for your business? If you are looking for an IT consultancy firm to help you out, look no further. Visit Inthera Consulting Inc. and check our services now! In Inthera we provide modern-day solutions to our clients. Don’t just wait and book a free appointment with us today.

However, if you’ve liked our article you can also read 5 consulting trends to look out for in 2021.